Baby-Led Weaning

If your baby is coming up to the 6 month mark, you will probably be thinking about starting weaning some time soon. If so, I suggest you put your best organic baby clothes away at mealtimes as things are going to get a bit messy for you and your little one.

Baby-led weaning is very much ‘en vogue’ at the moment and it’s easy to see why. Instead of you deciding when baby should start eating solid foods, he or she decides. Breastmilk or formula will carry on being baby’s main source of nutrition until he or she is around 12 months old. But from 6 months they can start trying other foods.

organic baby clothes
organic baby clothes

In the Summer months, I used to strip my daughters down to just a nappy and sit them in a  highchair. Otherwise I’d just put on one of their baby vests and/or an organic cotton bib. I’d pop a bit of cooked pasta,  fruit or veg on the tray and let them get on with it. I recommend always having a damp flannel or some organic muslin squares to hand as Boy can babies make a mess!

The one thing with baby-led weaning is that Mum or Dad don’t ‘force’ baby to eat when he or she doesn’t want to. Babies who are feeding themselves do not overeat as there’s no-one playing aeroplanes with the spoon, forcing the last bits of food down their mouths. We’ve all seen and probably done that, haven’t we? Pretending the spoon is a plane or train and making the silly sound effects whilst encouraging baby to open their mouth and eat?  Sounds familiar?

The benefits of baby-led weaning are huge.  Not only does it help with hand-eye coordination and healthy eating habits but it also gives baby the chance to explore different tastes and textures at his own pace. Your baby must be able to sit upright before you start.  Baby should also be able to chew and ideally be showing an interest in family mealtimes.

Some parents do a mixture of spoon feeding along with the baby-led weaning and that’s fine.

As with most things, this is your baby and you do whatever works for you.  Baby-led weaning is slightly less demanding though and if you’re relaxed about the mess and understand that your baby won’t starve doing his own thing, then go for it!

There’s no right or wrong when it comes to weaning.  Some babies can cope with lumpy food earlier than others.  Be flexible though and don’t make baby do anything he or she isn’t ready for.

Start with things like batons of banana or other fruits. Organic fruit and veg is perfect but it doesn’t matter if you’re out of Fairtrade bananas!  These bamboo bowls are great but it’s fine to just lay some nibbles on the highchair tray too.

However you go about it, good luck and remember that Weetabix when it dries outperforms Superglue any day!!

For more detail click here

What to Do When One Needs Loft Conversions?

Loft Conversions

Are you looking for extra space in your house? Do you crave for additional space in your kitchen? Are you worried about the increasing property prices in your city? With the property prices skyrocketing, it may not be feasible to buy a new home when your family expands. That’s the time when you can consider loft conversion. It can be a great alternative to buying a new property. You can get some extra living space by adding comfort and convenience to your home.

The biggest benefit of a loft conversion is that you can get additional space without shifting or changing the appearance of your property. It adds up to 40% to the value of your property. Loft conversions transform an old house into an amazing home without digging a hole in your pocket. You should plan well in advance to ensure that you get the best value for the money you spend. You would need professional expert advice on how to plan the conversion. There are chances that you would need plumbing or electricity connection in that specific area. Seeking professional advice ensures that the conversion is done properly. Usually, it may take around 12 weeks to get the loft conversion done.

loft conversions

loft conversions

Many homeowners ask this question – Why should I consider loft conversion in the first place? Some houses that were constructed in 1970 may include a lot of space for a loft conversion. Adding some extra rooms in the attic space can help to make your house look bigger. If you want to add an extra dining room or require a bigger kitchen, you can look for loft conversions in the house. Even an additional bedroom or bathroom can be availed by hiring experts.

Depending on your requirements and budget, you can hire an expert company for loft conversions. Call up a few agencies and get an idea about the services they provide. You can surf the internet to search for reputed and reliable companies offering such services. You can get free, no-obligation quotes from a few and then compare them. Once you choose to hire a company, you should ask the professionals about what materials and supplies would be needed for the job.

People also convert their basements and cellars into usable space. Look for the best architects offering renovation services so that you can be assured of high-quality work at minimum rates. When you discuss your requirements with some experts, you’ll be able to get a better understanding of the ideas for a loft conversion. Get expert advice from a few experts before you hire one for the job. You can ask your friends or colleagues if they know of any good professional architects for your project. Make sure that you get the best solution when it comes to loft conversions. A good loft conversion makes your home look amazing and great.

Choose to hire the best professionals in town when you are looking for loft conversions. Consider all the factors and get advice from experts.

TM Lofts is a trusted and reputed loft conversion company Wiltshire helping clients get the best solutions for adding extra space to their homes.


Social Media as Disruptive Technology

The previous article was for the time being a collection of ideas to apply this theory of disruptive technology on social media for cultural institutions. Of course, this is still half-baked and there are still proving Analyse with a survey.

I see several problems. The first problem is, and cultural institutions differ from commercial enterprises, that the idea of social media marketing services has not yet fully understood everywhere, which of course depends on the cultural institution per se. For a long time the marketing ideas from the economy are simply transferred to the culture, but this does not always work, because it is simply an institution that has an educational mission and thus thought to not sell yourself. Basically, according to Ralf Terlutter (lifestyle-oriented cultural marketing, business publishing Gabler, Wiesbaden 2000) cultural institutions have the following problems:

social media marketing services
social media marketing services

– Reductions in the cultural budget due to financial shortages of public budgets

– Decrease in approval in broad sections of the population

– Growing competition on the leisure and procurement market

– High level of customer demands

– Disadvantages arising from the sponsorship

They must be considered by the persons in charge of the cultural institution. Furthermore, I have named marketing as an exchange process between two or more parties. Certainly, a company sends a message that is intended to make a potential customer consume the product or service and give it a good opinion. Nevertheless, in my opinion it is a communication, which is also the modern thing about it. A cultural institution does not necessarily have much of a potential visitor passing a poster and not registering it. Perhaps questions arise about the play for which a theater advertises with this poster. It’s just good service when the potential visitor can get in touch with the theater in any uncomplicated way. I understand that as an exchange. Here again Kotler saying:

“Marketing is a descreptive science involving the study of how transactions are created, stimulated, facilitated, and valued. Marketing management is a normative science involving the efficient creation and offering of values ​​to stimulate desired transactions. “1972, p.52

Furthermore, in the first paragraph of the last article, I mentioned the problem that too few young people visit cultural institutions. This is a fact. So now many institutions have set themselves the goal to inspire young people for their programs. And it is known that 89% of German adolescents aged 14-29 use the Internet. (The data are taken from the 2009 ACTA study). For this reason, it is time for cultural institutions to rethink and integrate a new technology into the marketing mix, of course, on the assumption of a strategy, which unfortunately absorbs the social media marketing problem just named. But that is another topic and should not be discussed here. The aim of my last article was to show.

The Best Top 5 Hotels for Security in Mexico City

Mexico 1

In this Mexico City edition, we are looking at the top 5 hotels in Mexico City. Our local security providers and security managers have drawn upon their collective experience and corporate knowledge to pull together this list based on an extensive understanding of the particular dynamics of the region[1]. Please click on each below to be linked to their specific details.

  • JW Marriot Hotel
  • St Regis Hotel
  • Hyatt Regency Hotel
  • Hilton Mexico City Reforma
  • Four Seasons Mexico City

Security Transportation and Executive Protection Mexico City

ETS are executive protection and security transportation providers with extensive experience of operating throughout Mexico. We utilize trusted, vetted local personal security specialists and have a pool of vehicles available, including armored vehicles. Please contact us to discuss your requirements, or consider visiting our innovative web-based platform providing our clients the capability to book security transportation and executive protection services online ExecSecure.

Mexico City

Please Note:

[1] ETS base all our assessments and advice on the latest information available to us but we encourage all our clients and travelers to monitor local travel advisories and their home country’s guidance period to travel. As appropriate you should consider seeking the specialist advice of expert security providers prior to travel Please Contact Us. Execsecure accepts no responsibility or liability based on the advice presented here.

Article Originally Published on

Original Article Source

Know About The Best Type Of Girls Clothes Sale Apparels

girls clothes sale

Girls clothes sale are one of the most important requirements of the human beings and they cannot do anything without these girls clothes sale. Different people put on different types of girls clothes sale at different occasions. Moreover, the selection of girls clothes sale also depends upon the type of work they do. These different types of girls clothes sale are made with different types of girls clothes sale and that is why they differ in type and kind. These things determine the nature of girls clothes sale on most of the occasions. Not only that, the utility of these girls clothes sale also depends upon their types and kinds. Therefore, it is very important for a person to know everything about these various types of girls clothes sale. There is no doubt that a very good knowledge about these different types of girls clothes sale can make a person get the best and the most suitable type of cloth they need.

girl clothes sale
girl clothes sale

The variety of baby girl clothes sale depends upon many factors. Whenever a person decides to buy a particular type of cloth, he considers the condition or requirement of these girls clothes sale. As the needs and requirements of different girls clothes sale is different so all types of girls clothes sale cannot solve their purpose. The work wear apparel, for example, is a type of cloth that a person must put on whenever he is on duty to a place where he works professionally. This type of a cloth is generally provided by the company where he works, however, on many occasions he himself needs to buy them. In this condition, he must try to select work wear cloth that is made up of comfortable fabrics.

On the other hand, the medical uniforms are in greater demand these days as more and more medical centers and nursing homes are coming up every day. These medical units maintain a strict discipline as far as the medical uniforms are concerned. These uniforms are different for different levels of people who work for the hospital or other nursing homes. The medical uniforms for the doctors and nurses are more sophisticated that the uniforms of the other staff. These uniforms generally include an apron that may vary in color. At present, the nursing staff put on medical uniform that is available in different colors including pink, sky blue etc. These girls clothes sale are certainly made with the best type of fabric that is available in the market these days.

The sport uniforms or the team uniforms are generally very colorful by nature as the members of a certain team are identified by the team uniforms. These days, the team uniforms are also made with better fabrics as the sporting events are becoming more and more competitive by nature. In this case, the players are also required to work harder on the fields. Therefore, the sport uniforms and team uniforms are also made with superior quality of baby girls clothes sale so that the players also feel better while putting on these uniforms. On the occasion of bigger sporting events, the teams also start promotional team uniforms that the supporters of these teams put on to cheer up their teams. These uniforms are also made with the same fabric and that is why their importance also increases manifold during these bigger sporting events.

How to Choose Fresh Veggies and Fight Adrenal Fatigue

Adrenal Fatigue

Stress is a way of life in modern society. It’s everywhere. It can’t be avoided. And stress affects all of us in unique ways. However, the body responds to stress in the same way. At times, when stress is ongoing, a serious condition called Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome (AFS) may occur. How can choosing to eat fresh veggies fight AFS? To understand, we first have to examine AFS as a health condition.

Adrenal Fatigue
Adrenal Fatigue

Adrenal Fatigue, Stress, and Metabolism

How to look for fresh veggies AFS is a condition affecting many adults. The collection of symptoms making up the condition is broad, and they are usually brought on by stress. Often, these symptoms are so nonspecific that traditionally‐trained physicians conclude the person presenting with them is simply responding to ‘stress’, and only address a few symptoms. However, a number of other factors are likely to be involved in AFS. Factors such as metabolic and nutritional problems, nervous system problems, immune system problems, and dysregulation of the hypothalamic‐pituitary‐adrenal (HPA) axis.

This HPA axis is part of the body’s normal pathway for dealing with stress. Under conditions of stress, the hypothalamus stimulates the pituitary gland to secrete certain hormones that then affect the adrenal glands. When the adrenals are involved in stress situations, they release a hormone called cortisol, the body’s hormone for fighting stress. Located on top of the kidneys, the adrenal glands are an integral part of the body’s stress response.

If stress continues, the adrenals release more and more cortisol to fight against it. At some point, adrenal fatigue occurs, and the adrenals may reach the point of not producing sufficient cortisol to assist the body in regulating the effects of stress. When this happens, certain symptoms may show up including cravings for salty, fatty, or high protein foods, food allergies, and constipation alternating with diarrhea.

These symptoms all have to do with the metabolic system that regulate the way food is converted into energy for our internal use. Choosing the best foods, among them fresh veggies, can help the body deal with these symptoms. But the stress response may


With a continuation or increase in stress levels, the body may begin breaking down physically. This continued stress affects the adrenal glands especially with the constant demand for them to release more and more cortisol to handle the stress.

Fortunately, physicians now have a more comprehensive way of viewing the body’s response to stress that will help them better understand AFS and its symptoms. This perspective allows physicians to catch the symptoms of AFS in the early stages, diagnose the condition more accurately, and remedy it more effectively. This way of evaluating the stress response is the called the NeuroEndoMetabolic (NEM) perspective.

This model shows how many of the body’s systems interact in a dynamic way to help regulate the stress response. The burden stress places on the adrenal glands as part of the HPA axis can be mitigated by balancing body systems that are also a part of the stress response. Bringing into play the metabolic component helps us view the stress response from a functional medicine perspective.

Fresh veggies come in multiple colorsTwo main response circuits come into play in the body’s response to stress. The HPA axis, which includes the release of cortisol to fight stress, is part of the neuroendocrine circuit. The metabolic circuit also springs into action when stress becomes an issue. It is this latter component that much of conventional medicine fails to consider when faced with patients presenting with symptoms of AFS. In reality though, the body is a closed system in which the stress response of one part affects all other parts. A functional medicine approach to the stress response considers all of the systems of the body working together to combat the symptoms and effects of stress.

The metabolic component of this systemic approach works to ensure the body gets the proper amount of fuel it needs to function optimally. Our body’s fuel comes from the foods we eat. Some of the best fuel comes from fresh foods, especially veggies.

This more comprehensive approach to understanding the stress response shows how various food and dietary signs and symptoms may signal trouble with HPA dysregulation which can lead to AFS. These signs and symptoms are subtle. However, if they are ignored or not investigated, over time these metabolic derangements can worsen, leading to stronger, more serious symptoms. They also increase the probability of AFS through continued stress on the adrenals, leading to adrenal exhaustion.

Thus, the right foods are essential to the body’s ability to fight stress.

How To Choose the Best Fresh Veggies

All of us know garden fresh veggies are some of the most healthy foods available. But do you know how to choose those veggies that are really garden fresh?

Most of us have probably gone at some time or another to a local farmers’ market or even to one of the grocery stores that claim to have fresh produce. We sniff, squeeze, check for certain colors, and thump the supposedly fresh veggies to find what we want. We may even have a special way Grandma had of choosing the best produce that we follow religiously.

But have you ever carefully selected your produce, only to get home and find it bland and tasteless? Most of us have.

The produce found in most large chain grocery stores is chosen for the way it looks, the color, the size, etc. This is so the displays in those stores look good. All of the vegetables are uniform in size and in color, and many are uniform in lack of taste as well.

One thing to keep in mind when looking for the freshest and tastiest veggies is to shop seasonally. That’s what the top chefs do. Doing your shopping at small local stores and farmers’ markets will force you to shop seasonally. Those veggies in season will be the ones with the best flavors.

Plus, those veggies bought in season will be the healthiest for you as well. They will have more of nature’s nutrition, and more time to ripen in a natural environment, which translates into the best fuel for your body.

Here is a guide for choosing the best fresh vegetables for the season:

  • Artichokes should be heavy with tight leaves on the globes. Their leaves will squeak when rubbed against each other.
  • Asparagus stalks should be the same size so they cook in the same length of time. Don’t pick stalks that are limp. They should be firm and brightly colored, with compact heads.
  • Avocados should be a little soft when you squeeze them. Firmer ones are all right, but not those that are really hard. Don’t pick those that have cracks or dents.
  • Broccoli should have firm stalks, the florets tight, the leaves crisp and green. Don’t choose yellow or flowering florets. Those who have estrogen dominance should eat broccoli only in moderation.
  • Carrots should be firm and smooth, with no rootlets. Eating excessive amounts of carrot should be avoided.
  • Cabbages need to be heavy for their size, with firm and small heads.
  • Celery stalks should be firm with no blemishes. Green stalks only, not yellow.
  • Corn husks should be bright green and moist. When you peel back the husks, the kernels should be plump and a little moist.
  • Garlic heads should be firm and plump with no soft spots or green sprouts.
  • Green beans should be slender and snap, not bend. Don’t choose those with bulging or dry pods.
  • Kale needs to have leaves that are crisp and full of color. The smaller the leaves, the more tender they are generally.
  • Leeks need to be firm and have tops that are rolled tight. Slender leeks tend to be more tender, while those with larger bulbs may be more woody.
  • Leafy greens like lettuce and spinach should have leaves that are crisp. Don’t pick those that may have wilted or slimy leaves.
  • Onions and shallots need to have bulbs that are dry, firm, and heavy for their size.
  • Green pea pods that are crisp are best. No bulging, dried, or yellow pods.
  • Peppers are best when they are firm, shiny, and heavy.
  • Potatoes should be firm and smooth with no bruises, green spots, or sprouts.
  • Radishes that are firm with green tops are the best.
  • Rhubarb stalks should be pink or red. Green stalks are typically stringy and sour.
  • Scallions are best with crisp, green tops, and firm, white bulbs. Don’t choose those that are wilted or brown.
  • Tomatoes should smell earthy at the stem and should feel heavy for their size.

These are only a few of the things to watch for when choosing vegetables in order to get the best ones for your table.

When you eat fresh veggies, you’re fueling your body in the best way. This helps keep your body healthy and better able to handle stress. Good food equals good metabolism as well. This helps the body maintain balance in stressful situations and allows the adrenals to do their job better, reducing the chance of developing AFS. Choosing fresh veggies is a great step in the direction of improving metabolism and overall physical health.

Considerations for Adrenal Fatigue

How your body handles the fresh veggiesWhile raw foods is a great diet and food option for many, in advanced stages of adrenal fatigue, raw foods can become difficult to digest and add stress to an already tired body. Many people in advanced AFS may not be able to tolerate raw, fresh veggies. Their digestive system slows down due to a lack of energy, and so foods stay in the stomach and intestinal tract longer, leading to constipation. Due to already low nutritional reserves, the body may not be able to produce the proper digestive enzymes to break down raw veggies properly, leading to partially undigested food and possible upset stomach. Raw vegetables may also detox the body, which can add stress onto the liver as well if there are already too many toxins in the body for it to handle. This may further worsen how a person feels.

It is vitally important that the body be able to absorb as much nutrition as possible. In these advanced stages of adrenal fatigue, steaming or boiling vegetables may be the best way to create nutrition for the body is able to absorb. Do not argue with your body. It’s best to consult an AFS literate practitioner for help.


Trends You May Have Missed About Newborn Baby Girl Clothes UK

Baby Girl Clothes UK

Variety of Baby girl clothes UK

Brand new parents, the absolute variety of baby girl clothes UK that’s on the market can feel quite overwhelming. But, while it might be inviting to just buy a few onesies and call it quits, there are really a few great reasons for purchasing a variety kinds of newborn baby girl clothes. Just like grown up clothing, assorted baby girl clothes serve different purposes. Apparels such as onesies and rompers are a fantastic favourite choice for newborns because they’re cosy for the child and easy to clean for the parents.

Baby Girl Clothes UK

Caution When Buying Newborn Baby girl clothes UK

When purchasing newborn baby girl clothes UK especially sleepwear always checks the label to see whether or not the clothing is flame retardant. Also look at the label about clothing care. Close attention is necessary when purchasing baby clothes. Always check clothing and make sure the elastic is not too tight around the arms, legs and ankle. Also make sure the neck opening is large enough to accommodate her head comfortably.

Styles of Baby girl clothes UK

Newborn clothing come in a variety of designs and colours such as the traditional baby blues, pinks, yellows and greens and don’t forget fad colours like browns, oranges, reds and olives that may be popular at the moment. Baby girl clothes sale UK is absolutely adorable with all of their bows, buttons and other added accessories. People have restored the image of a girl with gentle colours preferably pink that represents their purity and cuteness and it is actually correct to a certain degree where girls appear to adore this colour a lot. But that’s not it, today; lots of parents seem to be experimental with baby girl clothes UK that includes distinguished styles and colours.

Baby girl clothes UK Recommendations

Make sure that all added accessories are placed in a location of the clothing that will not cause any discomfort to the baby whether she is sitting or lying down on her front or backside. It is recommend to purchase baby girl clothes UK that snap between the legs, rather than button or zip up to the neck. Snaps offer easier access for changing diapers versus buttons and snaps are less likely to irritate the baby’s neck like zippers may do if too close to the neckline. Newborns grow at a rapid rate; therefore, you should limit yourself on purchasing too many items with labels marked 0-3 months.

Organic Baby girl clothes UK

Organic baby clothes sale are starting to become more common on the web and locally. A few think it is not worth all the talk whereas an increasing number of people are convinced it is the way of the future. Organic cotton is a pure form of cotton, obviously a bit of processing would have been done from the farm to the store shelf, but all steps of the procedures are regulated by government entities to verify that no unfavourable chemicals are used. Many of the government’s regulation standards also require that the labourers are provided with satisfactory working conditions which require clean sanitary conditions, appropriate break lengths and a fair wages.

Fluid Balance, Aldosterone Levels and Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome


One of the classic findings in advance Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome (AFS)sufferers is the need to be carrying a water bottle in order to be constantly hydrated. We call them “water bottle babies”. The need for fluid repletion highlights the metabolic problems within the inability of the body to fine-tune electrolyte balance, especially with regards to sodium and potassium. Our aldosterone levels, another steroid hormone produced in the adrenal cortex, are primarily responsible for regulating this balance.

Fluids in the human body are balanced through a self-regulating mechanism which stabilizes blood volume and electrolyte levels. This process can be compromised when hormones that regulate these processes become dysregulated. These effects are first seen in late stages of AFS. Symptoms are subtle at first, but do worsen over time. They include:

  • Inability to tolerate direct sunlight
  • Inability to tolerate a hot bath
  • Crashing after taking being in a sauna
  • Lethargy
  • Stupor
  • Salt cravings
  • Dry mouth
  • Low blood pressure
  • Feeling better with more fluids

Fluid Balance Basics

The average adult human body is fifty-five to seventy-five percent water. Those who are overweight will have more water compared to those who are lean. While one can survive fifty days or more without food, the body can only go without water for a few days before survival is at risk. Maintaining optimum fluid balance is important to achieving general good health. This is especially critical in Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome , where fluid dysregulation is a common occurrence, especially in the advanced stages.

Fluid imbalance presents as a continuum. Unfortunately, conventional medicine is mostly familiar with fluid imbalances at the extreme ends of the scale, with severe dehydration on one end and massive fluid overload at the opposite end. Fluid overload clinically results in pulmonary edema, peripheral edema, and congestive heart failure. These are quickly resolved with administration of medications called diuretics that increase urine output to reduce body fluid load. Deficiency in a fluid, or clinical dehydration, is treated with fluid replacement.

Little attention is paid when fluid imbalance lies between the two extremes when symptoms can be evident but laboratory tests are normal. This is especially the case for those on the fluid depletion side of the spectrum. In this subclinical state of dehydration, signs and symptoms are subtle and mild. It is often missed and ignored as important factors to ailing health.

In a healthy body, thirst is the first response to low fluid levels. This is usually felt when the body has lost around two to three percent of its water. At the cellular level, however, damage begins to occur with as little as one percent loss of water volume. Those with advance AFS fare even worse; compared to a healthy body they exhibit symptoms of fluid imbalance and subclinical dehydration at a lower threshold, and well before laboratory tests show any abnormality.

Fluid Regulation

We begin our discussion first by exploring how the body regulates fluids as a whole.

Body fluids are comprised of intracellular and extracellular fluid. The intracellular fluid makes up about two-thirds of body water. The remaining extracellular fluid consists mainly of interstitial fluids between cells, plasma, lymph fluid, spinal fluid, and fluids of the GI tract.

Water moves from one compartment to another due to osmosis. Osmosis is influenced by dissolved solutes in fluids such as minerals and electrolytes. When the fluid compartments of the body contain appropriate concentrations of water and electrolytes, the body is said to be in fluid balance. This is the way nature intended it to be. Problems occur when one compartment has more or less fluid than others do.

The bulk of our daily water intake comes from food and drink averaging 2,300 ml per day. Another 200 ml is produced by our internal metabolic breakdown of nutrients. This average total daily intake of 2,500 ml should equal the total fluid output through the skin, lungs, kidneys and GI tract for the body to be in balance.

When our body is depleted of fluids, the brain initiates a chemical chain reaction that leads to a sensation of thirst by increasing the osmotic pressure of blood passing through the hypothalamus. We respond to thirst by taking in more fluid orally. When the body has excess fluid, an output is automatically increased, usually through the kidneys in those who are healthy.

Water output is regulated by antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and aldosterone. Both hormones cause the kidneys to reabsorb more water back from urine to remain in the body.

Antidiuretic Hormone

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH), also known as arginine vasopressin, is secreted by the posterior pituitary gland. After traveling to the kidneys, ADH binds to receptors on cells in the collecting ducts. It promotes reabsorption of water back into circulation, reducing water output. Without ADH, water flows freely out of the body with urine, as the collecting ducts are virtually impermeable to water. The most common ADH related disease is diabetes insipidus. This clinical condition arises from either dysfunction in the hypothalamus or in the kidneys. One of the major signs of either type of diabetes insipidus is excessive urine production, and the resulting dry mouth and increased thirst. Fortunately, ADH dysregulation is a relatively rare cause of fluid imbalance in Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome.

Aldosterone Levels 101

On top of our kidneys sit the walnut-sized endocrine glands called the adrenal glands. These glands secrete over fifty different types of hormones, regulating our ability to deal with stress, libido, inflammatory response, fight-or-flight response, and fluid balance. Each gland contains two layers. The outer layer is called the adrenal cortex. Three different types of steroid hormones are secreted here: mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, and sex hormones. The main mineralocorticoid is called aldosterone. Mineralocorticoids are hormones that the body secretes to maintain an adequate fluid and salt balance. Salts are compounds composed of electrolytes like sodium and potassium, and these electrolytes affect the body’s fluid content. Cortisol is the body’s main anti-stress hormone. It also has a weak mineralocorticoid effect and in high enough doses can work like aldosterone.

Aldosterone is a molecule produced by your adrenal glands and depleted during Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome

Basic biochemistry tells us where sodium goes, water follows. Aldosterone signals the kidneys to reabsorb sodium so it does not leave the body with urine. As sodium is retained, so is water. The more aldosterone released by the adrenal glands, the more water is retained in the body. Because the cardiovascular system is a closed system, more water in the body raises blood volume. This added volume increases the pressure within your blood vessels and translates into higher blood pressure, all else being equal.

The release of the proper amount of aldosterone and cortisol by the adrenal glands is a continuous and automatic process. If the body senses low blood pressure being, more aldosterone is released. A healthy body conducts this automatic process of internal fluid balance without us knowing.
The problem comes when this regulation is dysfunctional or imbalanced, as occurs in those with Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome.

Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome and Aldosterone Levels

Two symptoms specifically reflect the dysregulation of aldosterone as AFS progresses—are salt cravings and low blood pressure.

When under stress, the adrenals are put in overdrive to secrete more compensatory hormones, such as cortisol and aldosterone. Typically, levels of both hormones rise in early AFS stages. Because of increased aldosterone levels, blood volume increases and blood pressure rises. It is common for people experiencing stress to have a higher than normal blood pressure. This is due, in part, to high aldosterone levels. If stress is unrelenting and becomes chronic, AFS progresses to more advanced stages and the adrenals begin to burn out. After reaching its maximum output in early stages, aldosterone and cortisol levels as the adrenal glands become exhausted. The more advanced the stage of AFS, the lower the aldosterone output; and as the aldosterone output falls, the body’s ability to retain fluid is compromised. Salt cravings become more severe and are warning signs of underlying problems. Many under stress automatically reach for salty foods such as potato chips for this reason. They also tend to salt their food more. This is an automatic response to low internal aldosterone levels in AFS sufferers. If unresolved, aldosterone levels continue to drop, contributing to a state of chronic low blood pressure. One can feel dizzy and lightheaded, with reduced urine output. Efforts to increase blood pressure fail even with increased water intake.

Multiple visits to conventional medical doctors are usually made. However, unless a physician is alert and on the lookout for the underlying adrenal dysfunction, the focus of investigation usually falls on the cardiovascular system and kidneys. A thorough workup is often conducted but offers no clues.

Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome is a difficult condition and can cause many symptoms through dehydration and fluid imbalance

The key lies in medical history. Classically, those with chronic stress report increased salt cravings and chronic low blood pressure that continues even when adding more salt in their diet. They often do well with drinking a glass of salt water in the morning and in the afternoon. Consuming foods and snacks high in salt and fat also helps. Unfortunately, few sufferers are asked the key questions to determine whether AFS is a possible cause. As long as laboratory tests are unremarkable, which is often the case, patients are told everything looks normal and are discharged. Even for astute physicians that use blood tests to rule out hypoaldosteronism, subclinical low aldosterone levels are seldom recognized because tests still show normal or only borderline values. Instead of delving into a patient’s history for more clues, patients are abandoned. There is seldom if any recognition that the symptoms are the consequence of subclinical fluid depletion caused by aldosterone dysregulation as part of AFS.

Original Article


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You’re looking for expert advice on how to make your website rank higher. You do not have time to do research and learn the SEO tactics on your own. You do not have enough budget to hire full or part-time employees for performing SEO on your site. What to do? You can hire local SEO Denver agency to help you. Outsourcing your SEO can help you generate the maximum ROI, without digging a hole in your pocket.

Before you even start looking for SEO firm in Denver, you should ask yourself the following questions:

Who your target users are?

What terms would your target users search on Google?

What type of keywords do you want to focus on?

Who are the competitors? What activities do they do?

The first and the foremost thing you should do is design a website if you do not have one. You can hire professional web developers or use website builders to create an online identity for your business.

local SEO company Denver

Steps to follow once your website is live:

Start writing content

Before anyone does SEO on your site, your website should have the right content on it. Make sure that each and every page of your site has relevant and keyword rich content. Keep the users and target readers in mind while you write content. You can hire an expert content writer for local SEO company Denver to help you with user-friendly content that makes your website rank higher in search engines.

Along with the website content, you should have a blog attached to the site where you can post informative content regularly. Content writers can help you with relevant content for blogs also.


Once your website is live, you would have some sales each month, and customers would be tempted to leave feedback for your products and services. If the users are dissatisfied, they would all the more leave negative feedback. You cannot make everyone happy, but managing unhappy customers is the key. Once you get to know that a customer has left a negative or average feedback, try to resolve the issue by going an extra mile.

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On the other hand, ask your happy customers to leave feedback based on their experience. You can send emails to satisfied customers offering some reward or discount when they leave a feedback. Google takes online reviews seriously and most of the users prefer to read reviews before they make a decision of buying a particular product or service.

Link Building

Local link building plays a crucial role in the success of SEO. Though you may try getting some directory links, they may not be as effective as organic backlinks. You can contact local SEO Denver agency to help you. Outreach to reputed websites from where you can obtain high-quality backlinks. You can reach out to non-competing local businesses and ask them for a backlink. What will you offer in return? That’s easy: You can provide a link back to their website.

When it comes to local SEO Denver, remember that reputation is everything. Make your business visible to the target audience and your sales would improve.

Chetan Sureja has 18 years of experience in marketing and SMO. He has gained enough knowledge into the best SEO tactics and helped thousands of clients make money through digital marketing techniques.

Start-ups should focus on low-hanging fruits and hire an expert local SEO Denver agency. Create high-quality content and get started with SEO. Go and grow your business with the help of SEO.

The True Risks of Low Vitamin D Levels


Vitamin D, the “sunshine vitamin,” is important for your body to function. One of the major benefits of vitamin D is the building of strong bones. Supplementation with vitamin D has largely eliminated rickets as a childhood disease. More recently, low vitamin D levels have been associated with a number of illnesses. Likewise, attaining appropriate levels of the vitamin has been associated with improvement in a number of conditions.

Functions of Vitamin D

Some of the functions of Vitamin D in the body include:

  • Helping the body absorb calcium more effectively
  • Helping to keep proper calcium and phosphate levels
  • Stimulating the growth of bones and cells
  • Reducing inflammation
  • Regulating mental health, including Seasonal Affective Disorder
  • Aiding in serotonin and dopamine synthesis
  • Helping increase levels of glutathione in your body

Symptoms of Low Vitamin D Levels

The percent of people with low vitamin D levels in the country is estimated to be from 30% to 95%. These estimates depend on the age of the individual and where they live. Three out of four pregnant women have low vitamin D levels. Vitamin D is an important nutrient, and not having enough could cause later health issues for these growing babies.

Having low vitamin D levels don’t always cause symptoms. Some people won’t begin showing symptoms until their levels are very low or have been low for some time.

Low vitamin D levels can result in the following issues:

Low vitamin D levels and the symptoms associated with them

  • Bone pain and weak muscles
  • Possible increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease
  • Cognitive impairment in the elderly
  • Cancer or faster growth of some cancers
  • Increased incidence of severe asthma in children
  • Unexplained fatigue
  • Increased risk of bone fractures
  • Deformities brought on by soft bones
  • Lower levels of essential neurotransmitters
  • Increased risk of infection due to impaired immune function
  • Blood sugar problems due to increased insulin resistance
  • Increased risk for osteoporosis
  • Joint pain
  • Increased weight gain
  • High blood pressure
  • Restless sleep
  • Headaches
  • Metabolic syndrome and diabetes
  • Autoimmune diseases

Reasons for Low Vitamin D Levels

Researchers have found that many people have startlingly low vitamin D levels, not only in this country, but around the world. There are a number of reasons for this.

Not enough vitamin D in your diet. The number of people who aren’t getting enough vitamin D from the foods they eat is increasing: Natural sources of vitamin D include foods like egg yolks, fish, fish oil, and beef liver. Vitamin D can also be found in fortified foods like milk and yogurt. However, most foods contain only small amounts of vitamin D, so it is nearly impossible to get enough from food sources alone.

You don’t get enough sun. Your body makes vitamin D when your skin is exposed to sunlight. If you wear sunscreen, you’re hampering the body’s ability to do this. If you wear long sleeves or clothing that covers your body too much, your skin can’t make enough vitamin D. If you live in the far northern or southern hemisphere, especially during the winter, there may not be enough UV light even with full sun exposure for your body to make vitamin D.

You have darker skin. Darker skin coloring reduces the amount of vitamin D the skin makes with exposure to the sun. This may also be an issue for older people with more melanin in their skin.

Your kidneys aren’t doing their conversion job. Especially as you age, your kidneys can become less efficient in converting vitamin D to its active form. This can lead to low levels of vitamin D.

Your body doesn’t absorb vitamin D well. Various intestinal conditions can cause vitamin D to be poorly absorbed. Crohn’s disease, cystic fibrosis, and celiac disease are some of the more prevalent conditions that keep you from absorbing vitamin D.

Obesity. Fat cells remove vitamin D from the blood, making it less available for the body. If the body mass index is over 30, this may lead to low levels of vitamin D.

Vitamin D and Autism

Low vitamin D levels and autism

Recent research has shown a connection between low vitamin D levels and autism. One possible mechanism is a link between glutathione levels, mercury and other heavy metals, oxidative stress, and autism. This works because low levels of vitamin D also means low levels of glutathione.

Research has shown a primary reason heavy metals lead to toxicity in the brain is lower levels of glutathione. This chemical is a binding agent that adheres to heavy metals and helps remove them from the body. People with autism have particular difficulty excreting heavy metals. Thus, with lower levels of vitamin D leading to lower levels of glutathione, people with autism are at greater risk of having high levels of heavy metals in their bodies.

While children without autism are able to excrete mercury from their bodies, those with autism may not be able to do so. Mercury in vaccines used in children may have caused injury to those children with autism through this mechanism.

This research gains in importance when the risk factors for autism are considered. Risk factors include:

  • Toxins in the environment, such as heavy metals and chemicals
  • Genetic factors
  • Older parents
  • Mothers taking certain medications that interfere with the metabolism of vitamin D
  • Complications in pregnancy and delivery

Some of these risks are associated with vitamin D deficiency. One factor that is present in autism is oxidative stress. Research has shown vitamin D to fight oxidative stress. Lower levels of vitamin D would lead to more oxidative stress.

The environmental risks from toxins often lead to DNA damage and increased risk of autism. Vitamin D both protects against and repairs DNA damage. It also increases glutathione which helps remove toxins from the body.

The anti-inflammatory properties of vitamin D can also help protect against worsening autism symptoms. It has anti-autoimmunity properties, can increase the seizure threshold, increases T-regulatory cells that calm the immune system, and protects mitochondria.

The connection between vitamin D and autism seems clear. More research is needed to further delineate this connection and point to possible ways to either prevent or remedy autism though.

Vitamin D and Neuromuscular Disorders

Vitamin D appears to be a major player in the development of some neuromuscular disorders. Researchers have found this connection in a number of different studies recently.

One of these studies, reported to the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine convention, indicated a majority of people with neuromuscular conditions also suffer from a low level of vitamin D.

Another study, reported in the journal Neurology in 2014, showed older adults with deficiencies in vitamin D had more than double the risk of developing dementia. One of the most frequently seen forms of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Up to 80% of dementia cases are Alzheimer’s.

The subjects for this study were about 1600 adults, age 65 or older, who did not have dementia. Low levels of vitamin D increased dementia risk by 53%. Those subjects with severe deficits in vitamin D had a 125% increased risk of developing dementia compared to people with normal vitamin D levels. Those with low levels of vitamin D had a 70% increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s, and the risk jumped to 120% if they had severe deficits in vitamin D. How vitamin D levels are linked with these conditions isn’t clear. It’s possible that this vitamin somehow helps clear the plaques in the brain associated with dementia.

Another study reported in the journal JAMA Neurology showed people who already have multiple sclerosis (MS) suffer from an increase in the severity and progression of the condition with low vitamin D. Early stage MS sufferers with normal levels of vitamin D developed 57% fewer new brain lesions and had an equally reduced risk of relapse than those with low vitamin D levels. Researchers also suggested that having adequate levels of vitamin D would likely increase the effectiveness of some MS remediation efforts, especially when utilizing interferon beta 1b.

The protective role this nutrient plays in the brain and central nervous system has been suggested from animal studies. If this is the case, it seems logical to think low vitamin D levels in people would make it more likely for them to develop neurodegenerative disorders as they get older.

Parkinson's disease and Low vitamin D levels

A recent study involving people with Parkinson’s disease showed about 70% of those with the condition also had low levels of vitamin D. Earlier research by these same researchers showed 55% of the people they studied with Parkinson’s had low vitamin D levels. 41% of Alzheimer’s patients in the study also had low levels of vitamin D. Only 36% of healthy older adults had low levels of this vitamin.

The new research investigating untreated Parkinson’s sufferers found about 95% of them had low levels of vitamin D. These people were followed for 20 months. The researchers found vitamin D levels did not decrease during that time, though the symptoms of Parkinson’s increased. This suggested two things. One, simply increasing levels of vitamin D did not stop or improve symptoms of Parkinson’s. Two, people who develop Parkinson’s may have had low levels of vitamin D for years.

Vitamin D and Other Disorders

Research indicates there is a definite connection between vitamin D levels and numerous significant medical conditions. This connection is important both for preventing and remediating these conditions.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

One study reported in the 2014 issue of Medical Hypotheses found a link between vitamin D deficiency and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), a form of depression. Lack of this vitamin appeared to be a contributing factor in the development of this depression.

The lack of seasonally available sunlight seemed to be the primary factor in the development of SAD. This may be because vitamin D is involved in the synthesis of serotonin and dopamine, neurotransmitters involved in the development of depression. Low levels of these chemicals are associated with depression. When there is less vitamin D being produced by sunlight, lower levels of these chemicals can lead to SAD. Thus, there is a connection between low levels of vitamin D and depression.

The growth of Cancer Cells

Research has shown breast cancer cells grow faster in an environment with low levels of vitamin D. This research from the Stanford University of Medicine indicates a significant and direct link between the amount of vitamin D circulating in the body and the expression of ID1, a gene that is known to be involved in tumor growth and metastasis of breast cancer.

It was hypothesized before that higher levels of vitamin D inhibit the expression of ID1. This research showed a metabolite of the vitamin directly controls the expression of ID1 in breast cancer cells.

Prostate Cancer

The journal Clinical Cancer Research published a study in 2014 showing a link between low levels of vitamin D and prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is the most frequently occurring cancer in men and the second most common cause of death for American men. This study showed that low levels of vitamin D led to an aggressive growth of prostate cancer in European-American and African-American men.

In the study, 667 men between ages 40 to 79 underwent prostate biopsies. African-American men with low levels of vitamin D had an especially increased risk of testing positive for prostate cancer.

Heart Disease

Low vitamin D levels and heart disease

Low levels of vitamin D have been associated with increased risk of heart disease. Research shows 70% or more of those who underwent a coronary angiogram had a low level of vitamin D. The American College of Cardiology says vitamin D deficiency has been linked to more severe cases of heart disease.

Psoriatic Arthritis

A study in the journal Arthritis Care and Research reported that 62% of people with psoriatic arthritis had low levels of vitamin D. Other research has shown low levels of vitamin D may increase inflammation, making this form of arthritis worse. The mechanism involved may be increased white blood cell levels.


Another study from the University of Eastern Finland found low levels of vitamin D led to 2.5 times greater risk of developing pneumonia. Other research suggests the mechanism behind this dramatic increase may be the suppression of the immune system that comes with low levels of vitamin D.

Erectile Dysfunction

The Journal of Sexual Medicine reported a study in 2014 that found men with severe erectile dysfunction (ED) had much lower levels of vitamin D than men with mild ED. This is the most frequent sexual problem among men and may stem from other conditions as well.


The risk of developing this serious mental condition may be increased by low vitamin D levels. People with this deficiency are twice as likely to develop this condition as those without a deficiency. This is according to a study published in the 2014 edition of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Schizophrenia is a severe disorder of the brain affecting more than two million American adults. There is no permanent fix, but there are things you can do about the condition.

Increasing Vitamin D Levels

There is some confusion about the optimum levels of vitamin D. Part of this confusion has to do with our bodies being able to produce vitamin D from the sun. This way of obtaining vitamin D makes it difficult to determine exactly how much is needed from foods and supplements.